10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (2023)

How to Knit an Edge Stitch: 10 Selvedge Techniques Perfect for Different Projects and Use Cases.

Do your edges look crooked? Or does your knitting pattern require you to add "edge stitches" and you have no idea what that means? Well don't worry! This tutorial is all about that and I'm going to show you a total of 10 different edge knitting techniques.

Why so many? Because not all knitting patterns behave the same way.Some are more elastic than others.🇧🇷 Also, there are many different use cases, and of course, different people might find different edge stitches prettier than others. I would like to give you the choice.

Let's take a look, eh?

Bribe:Be sure to read my details athow to weave edges perfectlyif you are struggling with your stress. And here is a post with10 knitting tipsthat will instantly make your knitting look better.

What is an Edge Point?

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (1)

The edge stitch, often called selvedge or selvedge (self-finished embroidery), refers to the points on the left and right sides of a flat mesh design. A selvedge can be one or more stitches wide. These points are usuallyadded a quilted stitch pattern to the edge to create a neater edge for easier sewing or stitch picking, or forprevent your fabric from crimping.

The term originally comes from knitting and sewing and refers to special edges that don't unravel. Many knitting patterns don't specify which edge stitch you should choose. It often reads something like "cast on 20 stitches + selvedge". It is up to the weaver to decide. However, it is important to note that these areextra points you need to assemble.

10 best selvedges

A selvedge can be that little detail that makes your finished projects look handcrafted. Not all 10 embroidery stitches that I present to you in this post are perfect for every project. In addition to photos and knitting instructions,so you will find additional information about suitabilitybelow each entry.

Also, please refer to myglossary of knitting termsin case you come across an abbreviation that you are not familiar with. and here it ishow to read knitting patternsin case you need to update.

Ourela current point #1

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (2)

This is by far the easiest and most versatile edge stitch. You will find it in my small variations and under different names. It is sometimes called a "chain edge" or "slip stitch edge" and sometimes withregional variationssuch as German slip stitch selvedge, French or English slip stitch selvedge.

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (3)

Instead of getting confused with the different names and ways of weaving it, you should try to understand the basic principle.: Adds an extra stitch to each side of your design. And then you slip that stitch into every second row.

(Video) How to knit neat edges - The 10 best edge stitches in knitting

This is the most common way to weave:

  • Right side (RS):Slip the first stitch as if you were going to knit with the yarn in the back (sl1kwyib), … and knit the last stitch
  • Wrong side (WS):First purl stitch in very low yarn at the front (sl1pwyif), … and last purl stitch

However, from oneshoot the shoreswill appear exactly like a knit stitch on the other side, you can knit it several different ways to get exactly the same result:

  • RS:Sl1kwyib and knit the last stitch.
  • NO:Sl1kwyib and knit the last stitch.

Or you can weave:

  • RS:K1….sl1kwyib
  • NO:P1….sl1pwyif

Where is the difference?Theoretically speaking, there is no significant difference. Buteach weaver fights with different points🇧🇷 For example, if you're having trouble keeping the last stitch clean, the last option might be the best one, as you only have to slide it. But if it's the first point you're having trouble with, choose the first option. Or knit a few swatches to see which version produces the best results for you and your yarn/knitting style.

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (4)

Now this border will look beautiful onstocking knit🇧🇷 However, there is one thing you should know. The final appearance of this edge point is defined by the adjacent point. As soon as,if you want to knit an edge in chain stitch togarter stitch, you would have to change the repetition to:

  • Each row:Sl1pwyif, knit to end
10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (5)

What is it for:Create a nice chain on both sides. It might be a little more difficult to knit consistently, but it's pretty easy to remember. It is not intended for sewing, does not prevent creasing, and has only limited use for picking up stitches.

Chain Stitch Edge – Matching Edges:

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (6)

However, there is a geek technique I must share. Instructions for pattern chain stitch selvedge will createmirror edge stitches(as, for example, inSSKyk2 train🇧🇷 If you want edge stitches that look identical on both sides, you should knit them like this, or any permutation of them.

  • RS:Sl1pwyib….k1
  • NO:Sl1wyif as if toptbl….income

If you scroll back a bit, you'll see how the selvedge of the top standard chain stitch creates edges where the left leg is longer.the left side and the right leg is longer than the right side🇧🇷 As a result, both edges will behave the same way. If you want them to look identical, the last repeat might be better.

#2 Twisted slip stitch selvedge

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (7)

A simple twist (excuse the pun) on the classic chain stitch edge is the slip stitch twist edge. On here,cross stitch legs🇧🇷 A lot ofshawl patterns seem to prefer this edge stitch.

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (8)

Crossing the right leg over the longer left leg:

(Video) Five Ways to Make NEAT SIDE EDGES in Knitting

  • Each row:Sl1kwyif and knit the last stitch
10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (9)

Crossing the left leg over the longer right leg:

  • Each row:Sl1wyib as if going to p1tbl and knit the last stitch.

What is it for:Ornamental edge that may look a little firmer. Not as suitable for picking up stitches and less than ideal for sewing. However, I often find that the two edges look a bit jagged.

#3 Jewelery in garter stitch (also edged with knots or beads)

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (10)

this is likelythe most versatile hoop ever🇧🇷 It's super easy to remember, works for almost any project, and even helps a bit against stocking stitch curl. For the right kind of project, garter stitch borders can be very decorative.

  • each row:Knit the first and last stitch of each round
10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (11)

What is it for:Decorative, slightly firm edge. It can be a smart choice for sewing if you want a wrong edge (like when joining ribs or half a brioche) or if you need a flat seam (See how to sew garter stitchinvisible).

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (12)

For an even tighter edge, you can also knit like this:

  • Each row: KTBL, …, ktbl

#4 Double or triple rib in garter stitch

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (13)

This is himthe easiest selvedge option if you want to keep your stocking stitch from curling🇧🇷 It adds a beautiful decorative border that lies perfectly flat.

  • Each row:Knit the first two (or three) and last two (or three) stitches

Depending on the size of your project you may want to weave the first and last 3, 4 or even 5 of your project for a more balanced look.

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (14)

What is it for:Purely decorative edge with a lot of relief; not particularly suitable for sewing (invisible) or stitch lifting.

#5 double twist selvedge

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (15)

if you are lookinga firm edge that creates a stitch for every two rowsThen look no further. The double twist selvedge is probably your best option in these cases.

  • Each line: Sl1kwib, ..., ktbl

What is it for:Super tight edge. Very difficult to accumulate points. It can be very difficult to weave evenly on both sides.

(Video) How to knit beautiful edges!

#6 Orela double moss

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (16)

the classicseed pointit's a really nice knitting pattern thatyou can add a lot of structure to your borders🇧🇷 It will also help with not tangling in stockinette stitch and personally I think it's a little nicer than the garter stitch option above, but behaves the same in many ways.

  • Each row:K1, p1,…. p1, k1

Clear,you can multiply the repetition as many times as you want🇧🇷 You can also do k1, p1, k1, p1…p1, k1, p1, k1 (and so on) for a much wider border. In fact, I think this is where this advantage really shines through, especially when you're knitting a blanket and similar projects.

What is it for:Purely decorative border for larger projects (like throws, etc.). Not suitable for sewing or picking up stitches.

#7 selvedge double stockinette stitch

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (17)

One ofmy personal favorite stitchesuse odouble sock knitPattern. It might be a little more difficult to weave, but it has a lot of interesting and clever use cases. Also, it creates such a beautiful rounded edge.

  • RS:K1, Sl1pwif, k1, …, k1, Sl1pwif, k1
  • NO:Sl1pwif, k1, sl1wif, …, Sl1pwif, k1, sl1pwif
10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (18)

Of course you can also knit the border as wide as you like. You have to be careful though this double stockinette stitch has a slightly different stitchindicator🇧🇷 So I wouldn't take too long.

What is it for:Highly decorative trim that can be used to prevent creases or even add laces (as it creates a pocket); also perfect for smooth edges onbrioche stitches🇧🇷 Not suitable for sewing or picking up stitches.

#8 I-shaped border

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (19)

If you've ever knitted a shawl, you'll know how popular it is.i-stringsthey are. The basic weaving technique can also be transferred to edging. You'll end up with a super rounded edge that has a good grip.

  • RS:Sl1pwyib, sl1pwyif, k1, …, k1, sl1pwyif, p1
  • NO:Sl1pwyib, k1, sl1wyif, …, sl1pwyif, k1, p1
10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (20)

What is it for:Highly decorative border that will reflect the appearance of yourunion i cordand fused edges. Not really suitable for sewing or picking up stitches. It will curl up a bit.

#9 seam edge

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (21)

This should be your preferred method when you want to join two parts together usingmattress point🇧🇷 When you do it right, you can createcompletely invisible seams.

  • RS:K2, …, k2
  • NO:P2, …, p2

Depending on your knitting pattern, you might consider knitting the first and last two or three stitches. This will give you asmoother transitiontoward your seam.

(Video) How to knit neat edges | English Chain Stitch Selvedge

What is it for:Perfect base for standard vertical seams or when you need to pick up stitches. Otherwise, an unspectacular hoop that can curl.

#10 wild brioche point

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (22)

This selvedge is inspired by a reader who commented on one of my last posts. I couldn't find any references for this edge, although I've heard that a version is popular in Russian knitting. I call it the brioche selvedge stitch because it's a very similar technique.

  • Line 1 (settings):Sl1pwyif, you…
  • Fila 2:Sl1pwyif, yo, …, p2tog
  • Fila 3:Sl1pwyif, yo, …, k2tog
  • Repeat rows 2+3
10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (23)

what is it for: It creates a very balanced edge that is quite cute. Not for sewing, but I think it could be perfect for a scarf.

How to find the perfect selvedge for your project: aspects to consider

With all these alternatives, you're probably wondering which edge stitch will be ideal for your project. While appearance is important, I really recommend you consider some additional tips:

The best edges for sewing

There is a fundamental difference between an ornamental edging and a seam edging. The first one just needs to be good and maybe springy enough that you don't mess up your gauge. But if you want to do some serious sewing,you want an edge that is firm enough to support your stitches, but not so bulky that it creates big ridges on the wrong side.

In my opinion, garter stitch edge and stocking stitch edge are your best option here. Both can be joined effortlessly with mattress stitch.

shaped edges

Not all items you knit will be rectangular (like a scarf, etc.). Sometimes you end up with slanted and curved shapes. And while some selvedges can be great for adding a little extra structure to a seam, thosecan be very tightto, say, the armpits of a sweater. Another example might be a triangle shawl, where you might need a little more stretch.

The reason?The distance between two points that are one above the other is less than a diagonal(It's simple geometry: think of it like a square: the sides are shorter than the diagonal)

Edges to pick up points

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (24)

When you want to get points from an edge, you have to keep in mind thatyour thread gauge will likely be different from your stitch gauge🇧🇷 What I mean? If you count the stitches needed to cover a 5 by 5 cm piece of fabric, the numbers will not add up. So maybe it's something like 20 stitches and 25 rows (just an example).

As a result,you would have to collect three points for every 4 laps– at least if you don't want your edges to flare (or wrinkle). And that means that many times you can't use a selvedge where you end up with only 1 edge stitch for each alternating row. The only exception is thesock reinforcement, where the fabric will be narrower anyway. Here, a slip stitch selvedge can be a great option.

(Video) Knitting in Under a Minute - SLIP-STITCH SELVEDGES

The best selvedge for lace shawls, etc.

When you lock fabric, you usually don't stretch it too much. But when you're knitting lace, a lot of times you want those buttonholes to open up, those picots to turn into little spikes, etc. And in those cases,edge stitches can end up tightening the shawlbecause they are not elastic enough.

There is an easy way around this. Onlyadd a loop before the edge stitch and slip on the next row, or pull the stitch a little (slipped) after knitting the second stitch(don't do it right after slipping). Normally you wouldn't do this as it would result in puckered edges. But in those cases, you'll have a little extra donation that will be pretty cool when you close things out right.

Anyway, those are 10 edge knitting techniques you should know about. Comment below if you still have any questions.

10 easy edge stitch knitting techniques - the right selvage for every project (25)


What is the best edge stitch in knitting? ›

Slip Stitch Chain Edge

A favorite among knitters to make neat edges is the slip stitch chain. The method is simple and easy to remember plus it creates beautiful sides. Above all, the slip stitch chain works well with any stitch pattern.

How do you tell the right side of a knitting project? ›

The tail at the bottom of your work (the yarn leftover from the cast-on row) should fall to the right of your work. When knitting in stocking stitch, this is what the right-side of your work will look like. If your pattern tells you to end on a RS row, your final row would start with the tail on the right-hand side.

What does selvage mean in knitting? ›

The selvage of a knitted fabric consists of the stitch(es) that end each row ("course") of knitting. Also called selvedge, the term derives from "self-edge". The selvage may be considered finished; it may also be used in seaming garments, or finished and reinforced using crochet or other techniques.

What is the most popular stitch in knitting? ›

1. Garter Stitch. The garter stitch is one of the most common and most basic knit stitches.

What is the fastest knitting stitch? ›

Lever Knitting Is the Fastest Knitting Technique in the World—Discover Its Benefits and Basic Steps. It's quick, efficient, and (literally) painless.

What is the strongest stitch pattern? ›

A backstitch is one of the strongest hand sewing stitches. The backstitch gets its name because the needle goes into the fabric behind the previous stitch. On the contrary, with a running stitch, the needle simply passes through the fabric an even distance in front of the previous stitch.

How many types of selvage are there? ›

The two most common selvage stitches are the chain-edge selvage and the slipped-garter edge, both of which produce a nice edge.

Why is the selvage important? ›

A selvage's main purpose is to prevent unraveling or fraying, which makes a fabric stable and secure. Some fabrics come with frayed edges for aesthetic purposes. A selvage's self-finished edge makes sure that this fraying won't come undone and affect or damage the rest of your fabric.

What is the purpose of a selvage? ›

A selvage is the tightly woven edge of a fabric. It prevents the side edges of the fabric from raveling or fraying. Don't use the selvage in your project! The selvage, because it's densely woven, is sturdier than the rest of the fabric, so it can be more difficult to sew through.

What does selvage look like? ›

​ It is the narrow border on the lengthwise edges of fabric. But in all these cases, the selvage edge of the fabric is woven closed and it dose not fray! And usually has little holes where the hooks held the fabric tight as it was being made!

What is a selvage edge? ›

What's a selvage edge? It's the edge of the fabric that's “self-finished” and won't fray. It runs lengthwise along the whole fabric & often has the fabric manufacturer name and/or artist on it. It's on two edges of the fabric that you get at the store – not the cut edges, but the finished edges of your fabric.

Is selvage lengthwise or crosswise? ›


Fabrics are woven with threads going lengthwise and crosswise.

How do you knit a tidy edge? ›

How to knit edges neatly. For a super easy and neat edge, you have to add a simple slip stitch selvage or chain stitch selvage. It creates a clean edge suitable for almost all knitting stitch patterns and is very easy to remember.

What is the easiest knitting technique? ›


This is the most basic of all stitch patterns and is achieved by knitting every row. The end result is a flat, reversible, ridged fabric that stands up well to wear and does not roll at the edges.

What is the most useful stitch? ›

The running stitch is the most basic and most commonly used stitch, in which the needle and thread simply pass over and under two pieces of fabric. It's exactly the same as a basting stitch, except it is sewn more tightly to create a secure and permanent bind.

What is the most used stitch? ›

The straight stitch is the most common stitch because of its simplicity. This type of stitch is used in nearly everything. It includes an up and down passage of the needle through the fabric, securing two pieces of fabric together.

What can you knit in 1 hour? ›

25 Projects to Knit in One Hour
  • Tiny fox.
  • Fancy mug cosy.
  • Little baby bunny.
  • Wee fishie.
  • Beaded buttoned bracelets.
  • Mary jane booties.
  • Full English.
  • Lil' apple hat.

What is the Peruvian knitting technique? ›

Andean knitters work with four needles arranged in a square, pulling up stitches with the fifth needle. They usually work in stockinette stitch around in a spiral, usually called “circular knitting,” knitting multicolired designs in the intarsia method.

Is knitting faster than crocheting? ›

Crochet is the faster of the two crafts. Part of the reason for this is that crochet stitches are generally taller than knitting stitches, so you can cover more ground with each stitch. But just like anything else, it's all about practice. The more you knit or crochet, the faster you'll get.

What is the simplest stitch and quickest to do? ›

The Running Stitch is the simplest and quickest of all embroidery stitches and creates simple lines and outlines. So many stitches use the running stitch as the basis, like the Whipped Stitch and Laced Stitch. As it name implies, the needle runs in and out of the material at regular intervals.

What's the Stretchiest stitch? ›

Triple Zigzag (or Tricot) Stitch- like a regular zigzag made out of a straight stitch, this stitch is both stronger and stretchier. It's a good stitch for top stitching down things that need to stretch, but not as good for seams. It's used a lot on elastic and underwear.

What is the hardest stitch to do? ›

Typically, the Jasmine Stitch is considered by crocheters to be the hardest stitch to learn. It is certainly a beautiful stitch, but it uses a very unconventional technique that doesn't always come naturally to people.

What knitting stitches look the same on both sides? ›

A reversible knit stitch is created when both sides of the work look identical. Many stitch patterns have a definite right and wrong side, but a reversible knitting stitch looks the same on both sides.

Do left-handed knitters knit backwards? ›

How is Left Handed Knitting Different than Right Handed Knitting? Left handed knitting is simply a mirror image of right handed knitting. Everything is done in reverse. Rather than knitting stitches from the left needle to the right needle, lefties knit from the right needle to the left needle.

What does P mean in knitting? ›

k means a knit stitch (passing through the previous loop from below) and p means a purl stitch (passing through the previous loop from above). Thus, "k2, p2", means "knit two stitches, purl two stitches".

Does knitting in the round have a right and wrong side? ›

When knitting in the round, you are always working on the “right side” of the fabric. In the event that you are reading from a charted pattern, you will now read each and every row from right to left and all stitches will be knit as for the “right side” of the fabric.

Is the first row of knitting the right side? ›

The first row of a knitting pattern is considered the right side, and the second row is considered the wrong side. Since one is an odd number, all of the odd rows are right side facing. The even rows are on the wrong side.

When knitting in the round is the right side on the inside? ›

When you are knitting in the round you are essentially knitting a tube. You cast on to circular needles, you join in the round, and then you knit a round or two. You may not be aware of this, but you are knitting on the outside of the tube so that the so-called “right side” of the fabric is always facing you.

What is Brazil knit? ›

Brazil Knit is one of our most popular fabrics! It is an ITY knit (an abbreviation of Interlock Twist Yarn). The twisted yarn gives the fabric a soft silky hand and enhances the elasticity of the fabric. This is perfect for knit tops, dresses and skirt. SKU N/A.

What is false selvedge? ›

False selvedge is in fact a solid waste and is not useable in any other process of the unit hence increases the cost of woven fabric.

What do you mean by selvage? ›

: the edge on either side of a woven or flat-knitted fabric so finished as to prevent raveling. specifically : a narrow border often of different or heavier threads than the fabric and sometimes in a different weave. : an edge (as of fabric or paper) meant to be cut off and discarded.

Why is it called selvedge? ›

Selvedge denim is a type of denim fabric that is characterized by a clean edge on both sides of the fabric. The selvedge refers to the self-finished edge of the fabric that prevents it from unraveling.

What is the difference between selvage and selvedge? ›

According to Wikipedia, the words selvage and selvedge are grammatically correct. Selvedge is British English. Selvage is US English. We use selvedge because of the direct use of the root word “edge.”

Can you use the selvage as a seam? ›

A strip of uncut, tightly woven selvage can be used to stabilize seams and edges on everything from sheer wovens to bulky knits. Silk organza is ideal, but many other lightweight natural-fiber edges work, too.

What is the side edge in knitting? ›

The term “selvedge” defines the left and right sides of a piece of knitting. An edge can be made up of one or more stitches. The edge stitches are then the first stitch (or stitches) and the last stitch (or stitches) of each row.

How do you knit a zig zag edge? ›

Instructions: How to knit the ZigZag rib stitch
  1. Row 1: P1, *knit the second stitch on the left needle through the back loop without dropping it, knit the first stitch, drop them both, P1*
  2. Row 2: K1, *purl the second stitch on the left needle without dropping it, purl the first stitch, drop them both, k1*

How do you knit the sides of pretty edging? ›

Slipped stitches add clean edges to your knitting. The easiest and maybe most common one is to add two selvage stitches when casting on. These stitches are then forming a neat chain along the side of your knitting. As the stitch is slipped it stretches out over two rows and this will get rid of any loose stitches.

What is the best selvedge for stockinette stitch? ›

English Slip Stitch Selvedge Edge

Great for stockinette stitch and as an edge for ribbing, the English style slip stitch is often favored by some knitters because of its consistency; every stitch on the RS rows is done knitwise, and every stitch on the WS rows is done purlwise.

What is Raglan edge in knitting? ›

A 'raglan' is a shoulder construction where the sleeves come all the way up to the neck. For a raglan to fit correctly, you would typically increase/decrease on each side of the body (and at the front and back) and on each side of the sleeve on every right-side row or every other round if working in the round.


1. Silesian Selvedges Step-by-Step
2. How to Knit: Neat 5-STITCH SELVEDGES | Easy & Sturdy Edging Pattern
(Rokolee DIY)
3. How to Knit: GERMAN SLIP STITCH SELVEDGES | Easy NEAT EDGES in Your Knitting | Finishing Technique
(Rokolee DIY)
4. Easy Way to Make Fancy Side Edges
5. How to Knit - Slip Stitches (Knitwise, Purlwise, and Edges) | Lesson 12
6. Adding Selvedge Stitches to Knitting
(Creativebug Studios)


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Tuan Roob DDS

Last Updated: 07/20/2023

Views: 5479

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (62 voted)

Reviews: 93% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Tuan Roob DDS

Birthday: 1999-11-20

Address: Suite 592 642 Pfannerstill Island, South Keila, LA 74970-3076

Phone: +9617721773649

Job: Marketing Producer

Hobby: Skydiving, Flag Football, Knitting, Running, Lego building, Hunting, Juggling

Introduction: My name is Tuan Roob DDS, I am a friendly, good, energetic, faithful, fantastic, gentle, enchanting person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.